What is Peripheral Artery Disease?
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a circulatory condition that occurs when narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the limbs, typically the legs. The restricted blood flow can lead to various complications and symptoms, affecting the quality of life for individuals with PAD.
What are the Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease?
Recognizing the symptoms of PAD is crucial for early intervention. Common symptoms include:
- Leg Pain: Discomfort, cramping, or pain in the legs, especially during physical activity.
- Numbness or Weakness: Reduced sensation or weakness in the affected limbs.
- Coolness or Discoloration: The affected limb may feel cool to the touch, and the skin may appear pale or discolored.
- Slow Healing: Wounds or sores on the legs that heal slowly or poorly.
What are the Causes?
The primary cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, a condition where fatty deposits (plaque) build up in the arteries, restricting blood flow. Other contributing factors include:
- Smoking: Tobacco use increases the risk of PAD.
- Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes have an elevated risk of developing PAD.
- High Blood Pressure: Hypertension can contribute to arterial narrowing.
- High Cholesterol: Elevated levels of cholesterol may lead to plaque formation.
Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment Options
Effective management of PAD involves various treatment options, including:
- Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation.
- Medications: Prescribed medications to control risk factors such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
- Angioplasty and Stenting: Minimally invasive procedures to widen narrowed arteries and improve blood flow.
- Peripheral Artery Bypass Grafting: Surgical procedure to create a detour around the blocked artery, restoring blood flow.
Peripheral Artery Disease Surgery
In cases where conservative treatments are insufficient, surgical intervention may be recommended. Surgical options for PAD include:
- Angioplasty: A procedure to widen narrowed arteries using a balloon-like device.
- Stenting: Placement of a stent (small mesh tube) to keep the artery open.
- Bypass Grafting: Creation of a bypass using a graft to redirect blood flow around the blocked artery.
What Recovery Looks Like
The recovery process after PAD surgery involves several key aspects:
- Hospital Stay: The length of the hospital stay depends on the complexity of the procedure.
- Postoperative Monitoring: Close monitoring to ensure proper healing and identify any potential complications.
- Medications: Prescribed medications to manage pain and prevent complications.
- Rehabilitation: Physical therapy to regain strength, mobility, and improve overall vascular health.
With locations in Riverside, Redlands, San Bernardino, Corona, Barstow and Eastvale, California, our experienced specialists are dedicated to providing personalized care for optimal outcomes in treating Peripheral Artery Disease. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards improved vascular health and a better quality of life.